Evolution of the Sanbagawa and Shimanto high-pressure belts in SW Japan

Insights from K-Ar (Ar-Ar) geochronology

Tetsumaru Itaya, Tatsuki Tsujimori, Juhn G. Liou

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    44 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The Sanbagawa belt sensu lato in Japan is one of the world's classical high-pressure (HP) metamorphic belts and has long been considered to be a coherent HP belt of the Cretaceous age. However, recent progress in detrital zircon geochronology together with the accumulation of abundant phengites K-Ar (Ar-Ar) ages revealed that the belt is comprised of two petrotectonic belts-Sanbagawa sensu stricto HP belt and Shimanto HP belt. These two belts have distinctly different ages of peak metamorphism and different P-T conditions of metamorphism. The Sanbagawa schists sensu stricto were metamorphosed in the conditions of the pumpellyite-actinolite facies through the epidote-blueschist to epidote-amphibolite facies and up to the eclogite facies during a prograde stage in a subduction zone at 120-115. Ma. Phengite K-Ar geochronology revealed that the subsequent exhumation after the peak metamorphism took placed in a manner that the higher-grade rocks exhumed more rapidly in comparison with the lower-grade rocks; this is supported by a positive correlation between age and apparent metamorphic gradient that have formed during the post-metamorphic peak hydration/recrystallization. Moreover, the schists have experienced intense ductile deformation and long-term exhumation; it took longer than 31. m.y. to reset the phengite K-Ar system. In contrast, the Shimanto HP schists were metamorphosed in the epidote-blueschist/greenschist transitional facies to the epidote-amphibolite facies and have experienced a short-term deformation for less than 13. m.y. This short deformation formed a negative correlation between K-Ar age and apparent metamorphic gradient. These two contrasting age-temperature relationships suggest different exhumation processes between the two HP belts, most likely due to a change in subducting oceanic plates in the Cretaceous along the paleo-Japanese convergent margin.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1075-1090
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of Asian Earth Sciences
    Volume42
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 11 2011

    Fingerprint

    geochronology
    epidote
    exhumation
    schist
    metamorphism
    phengite
    blueschist
    amphibolite facies
    Cretaceous
    pumpellyite
    convergent margin
    ductile deformation
    greenschist
    P-T conditions
    eclogite
    hydration
    rock
    subduction zone
    zircon

    Keywords

    • Argon depletion
    • Exhumation process
    • Phengite K-Ar ages
    • Sanbagawa metamorphic belt
    • Shimanto metamorphic belt

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Earth-Surface Processes
    • Geology

    Cite this

    Evolution of the Sanbagawa and Shimanto high-pressure belts in SW Japan : Insights from K-Ar (Ar-Ar) geochronology. / Itaya, Tetsumaru; Tsujimori, Tatsuki; Liou, Juhn G.

    In: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, Vol. 42, No. 6, 11.11.2011, p. 1075-1090.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Itaya, Tetsumaru ; Tsujimori, Tatsuki ; Liou, Juhn G. / Evolution of the Sanbagawa and Shimanto high-pressure belts in SW Japan : Insights from K-Ar (Ar-Ar) geochronology. In: Journal of Asian Earth Sciences. 2011 ; Vol. 42, No. 6. pp. 1075-1090.
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