By applying measurements of the dielectric constants and relative length changes to the dimerized molecular conductor κ-(BEDT-TTF)2Hg(SCN)2Cl, we provide evidence for order-disorder type electronic ferroelectricity that is driven by the charge order within the (BEDT-TTF)2 dimers and stabilized by a coupling to the anions. According to our density functional theory calculations, this material is characterized by a moderate strength of dimerization. This system thus bridges the gap between strongly dimerized materials, often approximated as dimer-Mott systems at 1/2 filling, and nondimerized or weakly dimerized systems at 1/4 filling, exhibiting a charge order. Our results indicate that intradimer charge degrees of freedom are of particular importance in correlated κ-(BEDT-TTF)2X salts and can create novel states, such as electronically driven multiferroicity or charge-order-induced quasi-one-dimensional spin liquids.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)