Background: It has been reported that recording electrocardiograms (ECGs) in the 3rd intercostal space (ICS) is one method that can be used for detecting Brugada syndrome; however, the prevalence of Brugada-type ECGs recorded in the 3rd ICS and the usefulness of recording the ECG in the 3rd ICS in accordance with recently established electrocardiographic criteria is unknown. Methods and Results: ECGs were recorded in both the 4th and 3rd ICS in 17 Brugada-type ECG patients (group A) and in 206 consecutive male subjects (group B). Brugada-type ECGs were divided into 3 types. In group A, the prevalence of type 1 ECG, which is a coved-type ECG with ST-segment elevation of ≥2 mm, increased from 23.5% to 64.7% when ECG was recorded in the 3rd ICS. The conversion to type 1 ECG was found to be related to induction of ventricular arrhythmia. In group B, the prevalence of Brugada-type ECG increased from 1.5% to 5.8% when the ECG was recorded in the 3rd ICS. Conclusions: Recording the ECG in the 3rd ICS is useful for identifying high-risk patients with Brugada-type ECG and for detecting concealed Brugada-type ECG.
- Brugada syndrome
- Brugada-type electrocardiograms
- Third intercostal space
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine