The effects of anti-pruritic drugs on scratching behavior associated with passive cutaneous anaphylaxis in histamine H1 receptor-deficient and wild-type mice were studied. Passive sensitization with mouse monoclonal anti-dinitrophenyl-immunoglobulin E (IgE) resulted in an increase in the incidence of scratching behavior induced by intravenous injection of dinitrophenyl-ovalbumin in both wild-type and histamine H1 receptor-deficient mice. The histamine H1 receptor antagonist diphenhydramine inhibited scratching behavior induced by antigen in passively sensitized wild-type mice, whereas no effect was observed in histamine H1 receptor-deficient mice. On the other hand, oxatomide inhibited scratching behavior in both mice, although the effect in wild-type mice was more potent than that in histamine H1 receptor-deficient mice. Tranilast inhibited scratching behavior with the same potency in both mice. We concluded that the scratching behavior associated with passive cutaneous anaphylaxis involves not only histamine H1 receptors but also other chemical mediators. Furthermore, the results of the present study indicated that oxatomide has an antagonistic effect on histamine H1 receptors as well as anti-pruritic effect in vivo.
- Anti-allergic drug
- Histamine H receptor
- Histamine H receptor antagonist
- Scratching behavior
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