Evaluation of semi-ellipsoidal wall thinning on back surface of plate by direct-current potential difference method

Naoya Tada, Manabu Nohara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose-Local wall thinning is one of serious problems in aged power generating plants. As the thinning grows inside the pipes, it is difficult to detect and evaluate it from the outer surface of pipe. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the method of semi-ellipsoidal wall thinning geometry on the back surface of flat plate by direct-current potential difference method (DC-PDM) was proposed as a preliminary research for the pipe wall thinning evaluation. The evaluation was performed for the potential difference numerically obtained by finite element method and the results were discussed. Design/methodology/approach-A number of electric field analyses are necessary to evaluate the geometry of local wall thinning. In this study, defect-current modification method (DCMM), which is very fast analysis method based on the formulated solution for the similar thinning geometry, was used. The DCMM enabled the repeated electric field analyses necessary for the evaluation. Findings-The potential difference on the front surface of plate was higher than the other part because of the electric current disturbance by a wall thinning on the back surface. In addition, the distribution depended on the geometry of the wall thinning. In this study, the shape of the thinning was assumed to be ellipsoid, and the width, depth, and length of the thinning were successfully evaluated based on the potential difference distribution on the front surface. Originality/value-Evaluation of local wall thinning geometry was carried out by repeated analyses using DCMM, and the results were successful. This fact suggests that the evaluation of local wall thinning is possible by DC-PDM. The proposed method is going to be extended to the local wall thinning on the inner surface of pipe by geometrical conversion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)714-724
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Structural Integrity
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 7 2015


  • Defect-current modification method
  • Direct-current potential difference method
  • Local wall thinning
  • Potential difference

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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