Evaluation of real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RealAmp) for rapid detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from sputum samples

Yiming Li, Lei Shi, Anqi Pan, Weiwei Cao, Xun Chen, Hecheng Meng, He Yan, Shin Ichi Miyoshi, Lei Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) leads to serious health problems as a chronic respiratory infectious disease. Here we established a real-time fluorescence loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (RealAmp) using a portable ESE Quant tube scanner as a convenient rapid detection method for MTB. The method efficacy from sputum samples was further investigated, and the reaction time was only 20min with the detection limit low to 102CFU/ml concentration of MTB. We assessed a total of 1067 samples by the RealAmp assay, comparing the results with smear microscopy and conventional culture methods. To examine whether the failure to detect TB by culturing is due to low sensitivity or true absence, we examined the culture negative samples by commercial real time PCR MTB detection kit, and the results were compared with RealAmp. The data showed that RealAmp assay had a higher positive rate than that of sputum smear and culture methods. RealAmp had a sensitivity of 96.70% and a specificity of 91.55% when compared with culture. In addition, its sensitivity and specificity were 95.29% and 86.88% respectively compared with examination of smear samples using light microscopy. The sensitivity of RealAmp in comparison to real time PCR was 98.25% and specificity was 99.11% in validation of culture negative samples.The present study revealed the newly established RealAmp assay as a convenient, efficient, sensitive and specific method that could be an alternative for rapid detection of MTB and a tool to validate culture and smear negative samples. Furthermore, the portability of the ESE Quant tube scanner also contributed to the promising application for grassroots and field detection of MTB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-58
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Microbiological Methods
Volume104
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014

Keywords

  • ESE Quant tube scanner
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  • RealAmp
  • Sputum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Microbiology (medical)

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