Evaluation of hazardous metal pollution in irrigation and drinking water systems in the vicinity of a coal mine area of northwestern Bangladesh

Mohammad A H Bhuiyan, M. A. Islam, Samuel B. Dampare, Lutfar Parvez, Shigeyuki Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An integrated approach of pollution evaluation indices, principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA) was employed to evaluate the intensity and sources of pollution in irrigation and drinking water systems of northwestern Bangladesh. Temperature, BOD, chemical oxygen demand (COD), Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Pb levels in most of the water samples exceed the Bangladesh and international standards. The heavy metal pollution index (HPI) and degree of contamination (Cd) yield different results despite significant correlations between them. The heavy metal evaluation index (HEI) shows strong correlations with HPI and Cd, and gives a better assessment of pollution levels. Modifications to the existing HPI and Cd schemes show comparable results with HEI, and indicate that about 55% of the mine drainage/irrigation waters and 50% of the groundwaters are moderately to highly contaminated. The CA, PCA and pollution indices suggest that the mine drainage water (DW) is contaminated by anthropogenic (mining operation and agrogenic) sources, and the proximal parts are more contaminated than the distal part. The groundwater system in the vicinity of the coal mine site is also heavily polluted by anthropogenic sources. The pollution status of irrigation and drinking water systems in the study area are of great environmental and health concerns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1065-1077
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume179
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2010

Fingerprint

Bangladesh
Coal
Heavy Metals
Coal mines
Irrigation
Potable water
Drinking Water
coal mine
Pollution
Metals
drinking water
irrigation
pollution
Heavy metals
metal
heavy metal
Groundwater
Principal Component Analysis
mine drainage
Cluster Analysis

Keywords

  • Cluster analysis
  • Degree of contaminants
  • Heavy metal evaluation indices
  • Heavy metal pollution indices
  • Irrigation water
  • Principal component

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Evaluation of hazardous metal pollution in irrigation and drinking water systems in the vicinity of a coal mine area of northwestern Bangladesh. / Bhuiyan, Mohammad A H; Islam, M. A.; Dampare, Samuel B.; Parvez, Lutfar; Suzuki, Shigeyuki.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 179, No. 1-3, 07.2010, p. 1065-1077.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{2f6ff9ca3c5d4787afc07beabe0ce3af,
title = "Evaluation of hazardous metal pollution in irrigation and drinking water systems in the vicinity of a coal mine area of northwestern Bangladesh",
abstract = "An integrated approach of pollution evaluation indices, principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA) was employed to evaluate the intensity and sources of pollution in irrigation and drinking water systems of northwestern Bangladesh. Temperature, BOD, chemical oxygen demand (COD), Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Pb levels in most of the water samples exceed the Bangladesh and international standards. The heavy metal pollution index (HPI) and degree of contamination (Cd) yield different results despite significant correlations between them. The heavy metal evaluation index (HEI) shows strong correlations with HPI and Cd, and gives a better assessment of pollution levels. Modifications to the existing HPI and Cd schemes show comparable results with HEI, and indicate that about 55{\%} of the mine drainage/irrigation waters and 50{\%} of the groundwaters are moderately to highly contaminated. The CA, PCA and pollution indices suggest that the mine drainage water (DW) is contaminated by anthropogenic (mining operation and agrogenic) sources, and the proximal parts are more contaminated than the distal part. The groundwater system in the vicinity of the coal mine site is also heavily polluted by anthropogenic sources. The pollution status of irrigation and drinking water systems in the study area are of great environmental and health concerns.",
keywords = "Cluster analysis, Degree of contaminants, Heavy metal evaluation indices, Heavy metal pollution indices, Irrigation water, Principal component",
author = "Bhuiyan, {Mohammad A H} and Islam, {M. A.} and Dampare, {Samuel B.} and Lutfar Parvez and Shigeyuki Suzuki",
year = "2010",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.03.114",
language = "English",
volume = "179",
pages = "1065--1077",
journal = "Journal of Hazardous Materials",
issn = "0304-3894",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evaluation of hazardous metal pollution in irrigation and drinking water systems in the vicinity of a coal mine area of northwestern Bangladesh

AU - Bhuiyan, Mohammad A H

AU - Islam, M. A.

AU - Dampare, Samuel B.

AU - Parvez, Lutfar

AU - Suzuki, Shigeyuki

PY - 2010/7

Y1 - 2010/7

N2 - An integrated approach of pollution evaluation indices, principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA) was employed to evaluate the intensity and sources of pollution in irrigation and drinking water systems of northwestern Bangladesh. Temperature, BOD, chemical oxygen demand (COD), Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Pb levels in most of the water samples exceed the Bangladesh and international standards. The heavy metal pollution index (HPI) and degree of contamination (Cd) yield different results despite significant correlations between them. The heavy metal evaluation index (HEI) shows strong correlations with HPI and Cd, and gives a better assessment of pollution levels. Modifications to the existing HPI and Cd schemes show comparable results with HEI, and indicate that about 55% of the mine drainage/irrigation waters and 50% of the groundwaters are moderately to highly contaminated. The CA, PCA and pollution indices suggest that the mine drainage water (DW) is contaminated by anthropogenic (mining operation and agrogenic) sources, and the proximal parts are more contaminated than the distal part. The groundwater system in the vicinity of the coal mine site is also heavily polluted by anthropogenic sources. The pollution status of irrigation and drinking water systems in the study area are of great environmental and health concerns.

AB - An integrated approach of pollution evaluation indices, principal component analysis (PCA) and cluster analysis (CA) was employed to evaluate the intensity and sources of pollution in irrigation and drinking water systems of northwestern Bangladesh. Temperature, BOD, chemical oxygen demand (COD), Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu and Pb levels in most of the water samples exceed the Bangladesh and international standards. The heavy metal pollution index (HPI) and degree of contamination (Cd) yield different results despite significant correlations between them. The heavy metal evaluation index (HEI) shows strong correlations with HPI and Cd, and gives a better assessment of pollution levels. Modifications to the existing HPI and Cd schemes show comparable results with HEI, and indicate that about 55% of the mine drainage/irrigation waters and 50% of the groundwaters are moderately to highly contaminated. The CA, PCA and pollution indices suggest that the mine drainage water (DW) is contaminated by anthropogenic (mining operation and agrogenic) sources, and the proximal parts are more contaminated than the distal part. The groundwater system in the vicinity of the coal mine site is also heavily polluted by anthropogenic sources. The pollution status of irrigation and drinking water systems in the study area are of great environmental and health concerns.

KW - Cluster analysis

KW - Degree of contaminants

KW - Heavy metal evaluation indices

KW - Heavy metal pollution indices

KW - Irrigation water

KW - Principal component

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77952889444&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77952889444&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.03.114

DO - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.03.114

M3 - Article

VL - 179

SP - 1065

EP - 1077

JO - Journal of Hazardous Materials

JF - Journal of Hazardous Materials

SN - 0304-3894

IS - 1-3

ER -