After 1990's, the development of new generation anti-cancer agents produced encouraging improvement of prognosis in inoperable or relapsed stomach cancer and colorectal cancer. However, non-hematological toxicity, such as peripheral neuropathies, become a new dose-limiting toxicity. In several new generation drugs, measures for controlling peripheral neuropathy had not been established besides dose modification or schedule modification. We tried to control the peripheral neuropathy induced by anti-cancer agents with the assistance of an adjuvant analgesics ladder. A total of 18 digestive cancer patients who presented with peripheral neuropathy of grade 1 or more (NCI-CTCAE ver 3. 0), in the chemotherapy including Taxol or Oxaliplatin, were enrolled. The first stage of the adjuvant analgesics ladder was set as the antidepressant (amoxapin), the second stage was anticonvulsive drugs (valproic acid or clonazepam) and the third stage was antiarrhythmic drug (mexiletine). In each stage, if the drug turned out to be ineffective after two weeks follow-up, it shifted to the next stage. The response rate of each step was 61. 1% (11/18) of the first stage, 50. 0% (5/10) of the 2nd stage, 50. 0% (2/4) of the 3rd stage, and the overall response rate was 77. 8%. The discontinuance of cancer treatment by peripheral neuropathy was observed only in 1 patient 5. 5% (1/18) in the Taxol administered group. The toxicity profile was skin eruption and drowsiness, but the skin eruption was observed only in 1 patient at the 3rd stage and the drowsiness in 2 patients at the 2nd stage. It appears that the method to control the peripheral neuropathy induced by anti-cancer agents with the assistance of adjuvant analgesics ladder was effective and safe, but a large-scale clinical trial was warranted.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Japanese Journal of Cancer and Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2009|
- 1990's new anti-cancer drugs
- Adjuvant analgesics ladder
- Peripheral nerve toxicity
ASJC Scopus subject areas