Estimation of effective diffusivity in compacted bentonite

H. Kato, M. Muroi, N. Yamada, H. Ishida, H. Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Effective diffusivities of radioactive nuclides in compacted bentonite were calculated theoretically by using an electric double layer theory. Comparison between calculated diffusivities and measured ones show good agreements. The effective diffusivity is dominated by pore structure and pore diffusivity Dp. The pore structure can be characterized by effective porosity ε eff, constrictivity δ, and tortuosity τ. The δ was assumed to be unity. The ε eff and the τ were determined experimentally. The Dp was estimated by means of the electric double layer theory. In the estimation, smectite interlayer was assumed the space between parallel plane sheets of smectite crystal lattice. Diffusion experiments were carried out by using Cs+ for monovalent cation, Cl- and TcO4- for monovalent anion, and tritiated water for neutral molecule. The measured and calculated effective diffusivities in different densities showed the same tendency of cation>neutral>anion. The dry density of bentonite became higher, the discrepancy between the estimated and the measured diffusivities became larger. The calculation was limited by the applicability of the electric double layer theory in the near surface region of smectite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-284
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Volume353
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 18th International Symposium on the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management. Part 1 (of 2) - Kyoto, Jpn
Duration: Oct 23 1994Oct 27 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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