The hepatitis C virus (HCV) replicon system is a potent tool for understanding the mechanisms of HCV replication and proliferation, and for the development of treatments for patients with HCV. Recently, we established an HCV subgenomic replicon (50-1) using HCV genome RNA obtained from the cultured human T cell line MT-2C infected with HCV (isolate 1B-1) in vitro. In order to further obtain other HCV replicons without difficulty, we generated a replicon RNA library derived from human non-neoplastic hepatocytes infected with HCV (isolate 1B-2) in vitro. Upon transfection of the generated RNA library to "cured cells," from which the 50-1 subgenomic replicon was eliminated by prolonged treatment with interferon-α, we successfully established a new HCV subgenomic replicon, 1B-2R1. We characterized 1B-2R1 replicon in terms of efficiency of replication, HCV sequence, and sensitivity to interferons. The results revealed that the replication level of the 1B-2R1 replicon was comparable to that of the 50-1 replicon. We also found that the 1B-2R1 replicon possessed an HCV sequence distinct from those of other replicons established to date, and that the 1B-2R1 replicon was sensitive to interferon-α, interferon-β, and interferon-γ. Taken together, present results indicate that the replicon RNA library generated using an in vitro HCV infection system is useful for the establishment of an HCV subgenomic replicon.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 4 2003|
- Hepatitis C virus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology