Hematuria in patients with glomerulonephritis seems to result from the passage of red blood cells through anatomical gaps in the glomerular basement membrane. However, such morphological evidence has rarely been demonstrated. A patient with mixed connective tissue disease associated with membranous glomerulonephritis is described in whom the renal biopsy specimen showed an escape of red blood cells through a gap in the basement membrane. These findings support the morphological basis of hematuria in glomerulonephritis.
- Electron microscopy
- Glomerular basement membrane
- Membranous glomerulonephritis
- Mixed connective tissue disease
- Red blood cell
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