The excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) and BRCA1 have been identified as predictors of clinical outcomes among patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy. In this study, we immunohistochemically examined the ERCC1 and BRCA1 protein expression levels in 35 patients with metastatic mediastinal lymph nodes obtained prior to treatment as retrospective study. These patients had been enrolled in our studies on neoadjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin and irinotecan (15 patients) or chemoradiotherapy with cisplatin and docetaxel plus concurrent thoracic radiation (20 patients). The relations between the ERCC1 or BRCA1 protein expression and the clinical outcomes of the patients were then examined. The rates of radiological response and pathological effectiveness were significantly higher among patients with ERCC1-negative tumors, compared with those with positive tumors in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group (radiological response rates; 100% vs. 42.8%, P = 0.013; pathological effectiveness; 100% vs. 47.1%, P = 0.038), but no associations were observed in the neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy group. Regarding survival, no significant differences in overall survival or disease-free survival were observed between patients with ERCC1-negative and positive tumors in both the neoadjuvant chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy groups. In summary, we showed that a ERCC1-negative protein status was significantly related to tumor responsiveness to neoadjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin and irinotecan, but such a status was not a clear prognostic predictor to cisplatin-based neoadjuvant therapy in NSCLC patients. Further study is needed to clarify the value of molecular predictors for customizing therapy for patients with NSCLC.
- Neoadjuvant therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cancer Research