Equilibrium melting temperature of isotactic polypropylene with high tacticity: 1. Determination by differential scanning calorimetry

Koji Yamada, Masamichi Hikosaka, Akihiko Toda, Shinichi Yamazaki, Katsuharu Tagashira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

102 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new method to determine the correct Gibbs-Thomson plot and equilibrium melting temperature (Tm0) of polymers was proposed. The Gibbs-Thomson plot method is reliable, because the Gibbs-Thomson equation is directly derived from thermodynamical relations. In this method, the heating rate dependence of melting temperature (Tm) was omitted by applying the theory of the "melting kinetics", and the effect of lamellar thickening on Tm was also omitted by observing thick lamellae. A differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) was used for observation of Tm as a conventional method. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) was used to observe a distribution of lamellar thickness (l). It was shown theoretically that peak temperature of melting endotherm (Tm(DSC)) corresponded to averaged reciprocal l (〈l-1〉) for the case of sharp distributions of Tm and l-1. The Gibbs-Thomson plot, Tm (DSC) vs 〈l-1〉, was carried out. A reliable Gibbs-Thomson plot and Tm0 = 186.2 °C were obtained for a fraction of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) with high tacticity ([mmmm] = 99.6%, Mn = 64 × 103 and Mw/Mn = 2.4). It was shown that DSC double melting endotherm corresponded to the number-distribution of l-1, when lamellar thickening did not occur.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4790-4801
Number of pages12
JournalMacromolecules
Volume36
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

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Polypropylenes
Melting point
Differential scanning calorimetry
Calorimeters
Scanning
Melting
Temperature
Heating rate
Polymers
Electron microscopes
Kinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Equilibrium melting temperature of isotactic polypropylene with high tacticity : 1. Determination by differential scanning calorimetry. / Yamada, Koji; Hikosaka, Masamichi; Toda, Akihiko; Yamazaki, Shinichi; Tagashira, Katsuharu.

In: Macromolecules, Vol. 36, No. 13, 01.07.2003, p. 4790-4801.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yamada, Koji ; Hikosaka, Masamichi ; Toda, Akihiko ; Yamazaki, Shinichi ; Tagashira, Katsuharu. / Equilibrium melting temperature of isotactic polypropylene with high tacticity : 1. Determination by differential scanning calorimetry. In: Macromolecules. 2003 ; Vol. 36, No. 13. pp. 4790-4801.
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