To define the significance of alterations in epithelial cell proliferation as a marker of high risk mucosa for colorectal cancer, we examined cell proliferative events in the colonic mucosa during chemical carcinogenesis using in vitro bromodeoxyuridine labelling and by analysing serial colonoscopic biopsy specimens from dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-treated rats. In both the rectum and flexure of the colon, an increased labelling index of colonic epithelial cells, an upward extension of the proliferating zone and an upward shift of the major area of DNA synthesis of epithelial cells were observed during DMH-induced colonic carcinogenesis in rats. These changes preceded the development of the colonic tumour and were observed in endoscopically normal rectal mucosa where the tumour was absent. We confirmed the altered cell proliferative events preceding the development of the tumour by examining serial colonoscopic biopsies. The results suggest that these alterations are features that identify premalignant colonic mucosa in DMH-treated rats.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 1 1996|
- colon cancer
- proliferating zone
ASJC Scopus subject areas