Osteoporosis disturbs the balance of bone metabolism, and excessive bone resorption causes a de-crease in bone density, thus increasing the risk of fracture. (−)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) is the most abundant catechin contained in green tea. EGCG has a variety of pharmacological ac-tivities. Recently, it was reported that EGCG inhibits osteoclast differentiation, but the details of the mechanism underlying the EGCG-mediated suppression of osteoclastogenesis are unknown. In this study, we investigated the effects of EGCG on several signaling pathways in osteoclastogene-sis. EGCG suppressed the expression of the nuclear factor of activated T cells cytoplasmic-1 (NFATc1), the master regulator of osteoclastogenesis. EGCG decreased the expression of cathep-sin K, c-Src, and ATP6V0d2 and suppressed bone resorption. We also found that EGCG upregu-lated heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and suppressed the extracellular release of high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1). In addition, EGCG decreased the expression of the receptor for advanced glyca-tion end products (RAGE), which is the receptor of HMGB1, in osteoclastogenesis. In summary, our study showed that EGCG could inhibit osteoclast differentiation through the downregulation of NFATc1 and the suppression of the HO-1–HMGB1–RAGE pathway. EGCG might have the potential to be a lead compound that suppresses bone resorption in the treatment of osteoporosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)