(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate induces up-regulation of Th1 and Th2 cytokine genes in Jurkat T cells

Haitao Wu, Beiwei Zhu, Yasuaki Shimoishi, Yoshiyuki Murata, Yoshimasa Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


In the present study, we found that (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) significantly up-regulated the mRNA expression of the Th1/Th2 cytokines including IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-5 and IL-13 in Jurkat T cells. The EGCG-induced mRNA up-regulation of IL-2 and IL-5 was predominantly affected by the extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) signalling, whereas IL-13 gene expression, the most responsive to the EGCG treatment, was dependent on neither ERK nor c-jun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) signalling. IFN-γ gene expression was partially mitigated by both inhibitors of the ERK and JNK pathways. Furthermore, catalase significantly attenuated the intracellular peroxide production, phosphorylation of ERK and JNK, and all cytokine gene expressions induced by EGCG. In addition, physiologically relevant concentrations of both EGCG and H2O2-induced up-regulation of IL-5 gene expression. Our findings provide biological evidence that EGCG induces Th1/Th2 cytokine mRNA expression via H2O2 production followed by activation of ERK or JNK in Jurkat T cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-105
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2009


  • (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate
  • Extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Interferon γ
  • Interleukin 13
  • Interleukin 2
  • Interleukin 5
  • Jurkat
  • c-jun NH2-terminal kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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