Epidemiology of major entero-pathogenic viruses and genetic characterization of Group A rotaviruses among children (≤5 years) with acute gastroenteritis in eastern India, 2018–2020

Suvrotoa Mitra, Mahadeb Lo, Ritubrita Saha, Alok K. Deb, Falguni Debnath, Shin Ichi Miyoshi, Shanta Dutta, Mamta Chawla-Sarkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: This study was carried out from January 2018 to March 2020 in Kolkata, eastern India to determine the prevalence rates and epidemiological patterns associated with the major viral agents of gastroenteritis among children ≤5 years of age. Molecular characterization of GARV, the predominant agent of viral gastroenteritis, was done to understand their genotype diversity. Methods and Results: 1284 of 3157 stool samples (~40%) from children (≤5 years) with acute gastroenteritis tested positive for one or more enteric viruses with positivity rates 25.11%, 8.74%, 6.62% and 6.11% for GARV, HAdV-F, AstV and NoV respectively. Co-infection was observed in 5.31% of cases. Associated clinical/meteorological variables like age, sex, symptoms, temperature and precipitation were assessed to find any correlation between these and enteric virus infection rates. >70% of viral gastroenteritis cases were observed in 6–24 months' age group. GARV and AstV infection occurred mostly during cooler months while HAdV-F infection mostly occurred during warmer periods. No definite seasonality was observed for NoV infections. Clinical severity associated with GARV infection was higher compared to other enteric viruses. Genotyping of rotavirus positive samples revealed G3P[8] was the predominantly circulating GARV genotype throughout the study period. Conclusions: GARV remained the predominant viral agent of acute gastroenteritis among children though its prevalence rates in this region declined significantly compared to the previous years (2010–2016). The prevalence of other enteric viruses was below 10%. Significance and Impact of study: This study provides valuable insights regarding the current burden of viral gastroenteritis in Eastern India. The 2-year study in children will provide the baseline data for future surveillance studies in evaluating the impact of the introduced GARV vaccine on the overall prevalence of viral gastroenteritis.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • astrovirus
  • enteric virus epidemiology
  • group A rotavirus
  • human adenovirus species F
  • norovirus
  • phylogenetic study
  • viral gastroenteritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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