Entrainment of the circatidal swimming activity rhythm in the cumacean Dimorphostylis asiatica (Crustacea) to 12.5-hour hydrostatic pressure cycles

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Abstract

The cumacean Dimorphostylis asiatica (Crustacea) exhibits a circatidal swimming activity rhythm. The animals were exposed to a 12.5 hr sinusoidal change of hydrostatic pressure of 0.3 atm amplitude in the laboratory. Under constant dark conditions, most of the specimens were entrained to a daily bimodal swimming activity rhythm by the hydrostatic pressure cycle. A small number of individuals exhibited a unimodal daily rhythm, with no apparent entraining from the administered cycles. A marked feature was a flexible phase relationship between the entrained daily bimodal rhythm and the hydrostatic pressure cycles: the swimming activity of most of the specimens occurred around the pressure-decreasing phase, but for a small number of individuals it coincided with the pressure-increasing phase. Such flexibility suggests a weak entraining effect of hydrostatic pressure on the circatidal rhythm of this species. When exposed to 24 hr light-dark cycles and a hydrostatic pressure cycle simultaneously, the specimens exhibited a rhythmic activity entrained by the hydrostatic pressure cycle during the dark period, which closely resembles the temporal activity pattern of this species in the field. The light cycles entrained the swimming activity via direct inhibition and induction of activity (i.e., masking). Under light-dark conditions, the specimens exhibited activity on the pressure-increasing phase more frequently compared with specimens kept in constant darkness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-38
Number of pages10
JournalZoological Science
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • Circatidal rhythm
  • Crustacea
  • Entrainment
  • Hydrostatic pressure cycle
  • Light-dark cycle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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