Ensiling characteristics and aerobic stability of direct-cut and wilted grass silages inoculated with Lactobacillus casei or Lactobacillus buchneri

Naoki Nishino, Eiko Touno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to study the effects of wilting and inoculating Lactobacillus casei or Lactobacillus buchneri on the fermentation and aerobic stability of grass silages. Chopped Italian ryegrass (IR) and Festulolium (FE) were ensiled with or without wilting and added L casei (>106 cfu g-1 fresh matter (FM)) or L buchneri (>106 cfu g-1 FM). Silos were opened after 120 days and microbial counts, fermentation products and aerobic stability were determined. Addition of L casei increased lactic acid and decreased acetic acid and dry matter loss regardless of wilting and forage species. Inoculation of L buchneri decreased lactic acid and increased acetic acid and 1,2-propanediol, while the effects appeared greater in direct-cut than in wilted grass silages. Although 1,2-propanediol accumulated in FE silage, the diol was degraded further to propionic acid and 1-propanol in IR silage. The activity of 1,2-propanediol degradation was lowered when IR was wilted prior to ensiling; 1,2-propanediol remained and the production of propionic acid and 1-propanol was less than one-third of that in direct-cut silage. Regardless of forage species, addition of L buchneri increased dry matter loss compared with the untreated control, whereas the loss was not significant in wilted silages. Ammonia production was increased by L buchneri in direct-cut but not in wilted silages. No heating was observed with or without inoculation in direct-cut IR silage after exposure to air. Other silages were deteriorated when L buchneri was not inoculated, while the spoilage was accelerated when L casei was added to FE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1882-1888
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume85
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 30 2005

Fingerprint

Lactobacillus buchneri
Lactobacillus casei
Propylene Glycol
Silage
silage making
grass silage
Lactobacillus
propanediols
Poaceae
silage
Festulolium
Lolium multiflorum
wilting
1-Propanol
Lolium
1-propanol
Acetic Acid
Fermentation
propionic acid
Lactic Acid

Keywords

  • Aerobic stability
  • Grass
  • Lactic acid bacteria
  • Silage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Food Science
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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title = "Ensiling characteristics and aerobic stability of direct-cut and wilted grass silages inoculated with Lactobacillus casei or Lactobacillus buchneri",
abstract = "Two experiments were conducted to study the effects of wilting and inoculating Lactobacillus casei or Lactobacillus buchneri on the fermentation and aerobic stability of grass silages. Chopped Italian ryegrass (IR) and Festulolium (FE) were ensiled with or without wilting and added L casei (>106 cfu g-1 fresh matter (FM)) or L buchneri (>106 cfu g-1 FM). Silos were opened after 120 days and microbial counts, fermentation products and aerobic stability were determined. Addition of L casei increased lactic acid and decreased acetic acid and dry matter loss regardless of wilting and forage species. Inoculation of L buchneri decreased lactic acid and increased acetic acid and 1,2-propanediol, while the effects appeared greater in direct-cut than in wilted grass silages. Although 1,2-propanediol accumulated in FE silage, the diol was degraded further to propionic acid and 1-propanol in IR silage. The activity of 1,2-propanediol degradation was lowered when IR was wilted prior to ensiling; 1,2-propanediol remained and the production of propionic acid and 1-propanol was less than one-third of that in direct-cut silage. Regardless of forage species, addition of L buchneri increased dry matter loss compared with the untreated control, whereas the loss was not significant in wilted silages. Ammonia production was increased by L buchneri in direct-cut but not in wilted silages. No heating was observed with or without inoculation in direct-cut IR silage after exposure to air. Other silages were deteriorated when L buchneri was not inoculated, while the spoilage was accelerated when L casei was added to FE.",
keywords = "Aerobic stability, Grass, Lactic acid bacteria, Silage",
author = "Naoki Nishino and Eiko Touno",
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T1 - Ensiling characteristics and aerobic stability of direct-cut and wilted grass silages inoculated with Lactobacillus casei or Lactobacillus buchneri

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AU - Touno, Eiko

PY - 2005/8/30

Y1 - 2005/8/30

N2 - Two experiments were conducted to study the effects of wilting and inoculating Lactobacillus casei or Lactobacillus buchneri on the fermentation and aerobic stability of grass silages. Chopped Italian ryegrass (IR) and Festulolium (FE) were ensiled with or without wilting and added L casei (>106 cfu g-1 fresh matter (FM)) or L buchneri (>106 cfu g-1 FM). Silos were opened after 120 days and microbial counts, fermentation products and aerobic stability were determined. Addition of L casei increased lactic acid and decreased acetic acid and dry matter loss regardless of wilting and forage species. Inoculation of L buchneri decreased lactic acid and increased acetic acid and 1,2-propanediol, while the effects appeared greater in direct-cut than in wilted grass silages. Although 1,2-propanediol accumulated in FE silage, the diol was degraded further to propionic acid and 1-propanol in IR silage. The activity of 1,2-propanediol degradation was lowered when IR was wilted prior to ensiling; 1,2-propanediol remained and the production of propionic acid and 1-propanol was less than one-third of that in direct-cut silage. Regardless of forage species, addition of L buchneri increased dry matter loss compared with the untreated control, whereas the loss was not significant in wilted silages. Ammonia production was increased by L buchneri in direct-cut but not in wilted silages. No heating was observed with or without inoculation in direct-cut IR silage after exposure to air. Other silages were deteriorated when L buchneri was not inoculated, while the spoilage was accelerated when L casei was added to FE.

AB - Two experiments were conducted to study the effects of wilting and inoculating Lactobacillus casei or Lactobacillus buchneri on the fermentation and aerobic stability of grass silages. Chopped Italian ryegrass (IR) and Festulolium (FE) were ensiled with or without wilting and added L casei (>106 cfu g-1 fresh matter (FM)) or L buchneri (>106 cfu g-1 FM). Silos were opened after 120 days and microbial counts, fermentation products and aerobic stability were determined. Addition of L casei increased lactic acid and decreased acetic acid and dry matter loss regardless of wilting and forage species. Inoculation of L buchneri decreased lactic acid and increased acetic acid and 1,2-propanediol, while the effects appeared greater in direct-cut than in wilted grass silages. Although 1,2-propanediol accumulated in FE silage, the diol was degraded further to propionic acid and 1-propanol in IR silage. The activity of 1,2-propanediol degradation was lowered when IR was wilted prior to ensiling; 1,2-propanediol remained and the production of propionic acid and 1-propanol was less than one-third of that in direct-cut silage. Regardless of forage species, addition of L buchneri increased dry matter loss compared with the untreated control, whereas the loss was not significant in wilted silages. Ammonia production was increased by L buchneri in direct-cut but not in wilted silages. No heating was observed with or without inoculation in direct-cut IR silage after exposure to air. Other silages were deteriorated when L buchneri was not inoculated, while the spoilage was accelerated when L casei was added to FE.

KW - Aerobic stability

KW - Grass

KW - Lactic acid bacteria

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JO - Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

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