Enhancing Effect of Medium-Chain Triglycerides on Intestinal Absorption of d-α-Tocopherol Acetate from Lecithin-Dispersed Preparations in the Rat

Eiji Fukui, Harumi Kurohara, Akira Kageyu, Yuji Kurosaki, Taiji Nakayama, Toshikiro Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of formulations of lecithin-dispersed preparation on the absorption of d-α-tocopher-ol acetate (VEA) from the small intestine was investigated in rats. When lecithin-dispersed preparations containing VEA or polysorbate 80 (PS-80)-solubilized solution of VEA were intraduodenally administered, VEA was hydrolyzed to d-α-tocopherol (VE) and was not detected in the plasma nor in the thoracic lymph. The maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) of VE after the intraduodenal administration of a preparation consisting of VEA, soybean phosphatidylcholine (PC) and medium-chain triglycerides (MCTG) (VEA/PC/MCTG, 5/16/1 by weight) was highest among the VEA preparations, and PS-80-solubilized solution gave the lowest Cmax. AUC of VE up to 24 h was also increased by the addition of MCTG to VEA/PC preparation. In the thoracic duct-fistula rat, the transport of VE into the thoracic lymph was increased by the administration of the VEA/PC/MCTG preparation significantly more than the VEA/PC preparation; the cumulative amounts of VE recovered in the thoracic lymph up to 24 h were 23.2±0.5% and 10.9±1.5% of dose, respectively. The plasma concentration of VE was not increased in the thoracic duct-fistula rat even after the intraduodenal administration of VEA preparations, suggesting that VE is not transported directly to the systemic circulation, but by way of the lymphatic route. The lymphatic transport of VE following the intraduodenal administration of VEA/PC/MCTG preparation was markedly diminished by the simultaneous administration of Pluronic L-81 emulsion, an inhibitor of chylomicron formation. It is suggested that the chylomicron is essential to the lymphatic transport of VE from VEA preparations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-86
Number of pages7
Journaljournal of pharmacobio-dynamics
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1989

Keywords

  • d-α-tocopherol
  • d-α-tocopherol acetate
  • intestinal absorption
  • lecithin-dispersed preparation
  • lymphatic transport
  • medium-chain triglyceride
  • rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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