Enhancement of second harmonic intensity in thermally poled ferroelectric nanocrystallized glasses in the BaO-TiO2-SiO2 system

Nozomu Toyohara, Yasuhiko Benino, Takumi Fujiwara, Takayuki Komatsu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The transparent nanocrystallized (heat-treatment: 750 {ring operator}C, 1 h) glasses consisting of ferroelectric Ba2TiSi2O8 nanocrystals (size: 100-200 nm) have been prepared in 40BaO-20TiO2-40SiO2 glass, and the effect of a thermal poling (DC electric voltage: 8.8 kV/cm, temperature: 110-300 {ring operator}C, time: 1 h) on the second harmonic (SH) intensity has been examined. It is found that the formation behavior of nanocrystals at the surface differs from that in the interior of glass, giving a new insight into the well-known concept for nanocrystallization or homogeneous nucleation in glass. The Maker fringe patterns with fine structures are observed, indicating a high orientation of the polarization axes of Ba2TiSi2O8 crystals formed at the surface. The prominent enhancement in the SH intensity is observed due to thermal poling, demonstrating that thermal poling is an effective method in enhancing anisotropic polarization of ferroelectric Ba2TiSi2O8 nanocrystals in crystallized glasses. The present study proposes that the Maker fringe pattern for SH intensity of nanocrystallized glasses is very sensitive to the anisotropic polarization of nanocrystals at the surface, indicating the importance of the Maker fringe technique for the characterization of nanocrystals in materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-303
Number of pages5
JournalSolid State Communications
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2006
Externally publishedYes


  • A. Ferroelectrics
  • B. Nanofabrication
  • D. Optical properties
  • E. Nonlinear optics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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