Enhancement of optical force acting on vesicles via the binding of gold nanoparticles

Yumeki Tani, Takashi Kaneta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Here we found that gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) enhance the optical force acting on vesicles prepared from phospholipids via hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions. A laser beam was introduced into a cuvette filled with a suspension of vesicles and it accelerated them in its propagation direction via a scattering force. The addition of the AuNPs exponentially increased the velocity of the vesicles as their concentration increased, but polystyrene particles had no significant impact on velocity in the presence of AuNPs. To elucidate the mechanism of the increased velocity, the surface charges in the vesicles and the AuNPs were controlled; the surface charges of the vesicles were varied via the use of anionic, cationic and neutral phospholipids, whereas AuNPs with positive and negative charges were synthesized by coating with citrate ion and 4-dimethylaminopyridine, respectively. All vesicles increased the velocity at different degrees depending on the surface charge. The vesicles were accelerated more efficiently when their charges were opposite those of the AuNPs. These results suggested that hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions between the vesicles and the AuNPs enhanced the optical force. By accounting for the binding constant between the vesicles and the AuNPs, we proposed a model for the relationship between the concentration of the AuNPs and the velocity of the vesicles. Consequently, the increased velocity of the vesicles was attributed to the light scattering that was enhanced when AuNPs were adsorbed onto the vesicles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number190293
JournalRoyal Society Open Science
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • Gold nanoparticle
  • Optical force
  • Vesicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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