We demonstrate the improvement in the surface properties of an indium tin oxide (ITO) anode contact to an organic bulk-heterojunction device via cooling down the ITO glass substrate by liquid nitrogen treatment. This treatment effectively improves the smoothness of ITO glass, the transmittance and the contact angle measurement, which thereby results in fairly good contact with organic material. The enhancement of short circuit current, efficiency and fill factor of the photovoltaic devices was also achieved. The surface properties of both the untreated and the treated ITO substrates were studied by atomic force microscopy and the electrical properties of the substrates were studied by the Hall effect measurement.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films