Aims: Variable expression of the complement regulatory proteins, decay-accelerating factor, CD59/homologous restriction factor 20 (HRF20) and membrane cofactor protein has been shown in human gastrointestinal malignancies, but their expression in gastric cancer has not been fully described. Thus, we immunohistochemically defined the distribution of these proteins in human normal gastric mucosa, intestinal metaplasia, adenomas and gastric cancers. Methods and results: Gastric tissues were obtained by endoscopic biopsy or surgical resection and stained with mouse monoclonal antibodies to decay-accelerating factor, CD59/HRF20, and membrane cofactor protein. In the normal gastric mucosa, membrane cofactor protein was diffusely stained on the basolateral surface of epithelial cells, whereas the expression of decay-accelerating factor and CD59/HRF20 was inconspicuous. In intestinal metaplasia, adenoma and intestinal-type gastric carcinoma cells, decay-accelerating factor and HRF20 were intensely stained on the apical surface; membrane cofactor protein retained its location on the basolateral surface. In diffuse-type gastric carcinomas, the expression of decay-accelerating factor, CD59/HRF20 was lost, but membrane cofactor protein was present on the tumour cell surface. Conclusions: These findings suggest that membrane cofactor protein plays a primary role in the regulation of complement activation in normal and neoplastic gastric cells and that the expression pattern of the complement regulatory proteins is closely related to gastric carcinoma development.
- Decay-accelerating factor
- Gastric carcinoma
- Membrane cofactor protein
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine