Energy for Myocardial Ca2+ handling per beat increases with heart rate in excised cross-circulated canine heart

Takahiko Kiyooka, Yu Oshima, Waso Fujinaka, Gentaro Iribe, Satoshi Mohri, Juichiro Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Objective: Although tachycardia is well known to increase cardiac oxygen consumption (Vo2) per min, the relationship between Vo2 for excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling per beat and heart rate change over its full working range still remains controversial. Methods: To elucidate this relationship, we varied heart rate over a reasonably wide range (60-180 beat/min) and studied the relationship between left ventricular (LV) Emax (load-independent contractility index), PVA (pressure-volume area)-independent Vo2, and basal metabolic Vo2 in nine excised, cross-circulated canine hearts. Results: PVA-independent Vo2 per min significantly increased linearly with increasing heart rate while Emax remained unchanged. Basal metabolic Vo2per min was measured under KCl arrest. E-C coupling Vo2 per min obtained by subtracting the constant basal metabolic Vo2 from the PVA-independent Vo2 also significantly increased linearly with increasing heart rate. However, PVA-independent Vo2 per beat significantly decreased with increasing heart rate. In contrast, E-C coupling Vo2 per beat, as well as that normalized to Emax, slightly but significantly increased with increasing heart rate. Conclusion; The E-C coupling energy for myocardial Ca2+ handling increases with heart rate despite constant contractility in the left ventricle of the excised cross-circulated canine heart.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-58
Number of pages8
JournalTokai Journal of Experimental and Clinical Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014


  • End-systolic pressure-volume relation
  • Excitation-contraction coupling
  • Myocardial oxygen consumption
  • Ventricular energetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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