Background and purpose: The vascular endothelium regulates vascular tone by releasing various endothelium-derived vasoactive substances to counteract excess vascular response. We investigated whether the vascular endothelium regulates vasodilatation via released endothelium-derived contracting factors (EDCFs), by examining the effect of endothelium removal on responses to periarterial nerve stimulation (PNS) and various vasodilator agents. Experimental approach: The rat mesenteric vascular bed was perfused with Krebs solution. Vasodilator responses to PNS and 5 min perfusion of vasodilator agents in preparations with endothelium were compared with those in the same preparations without endothelium. The endothelium was removed by 30 s perfusion with sodium deoxycholate. Key results: Endothelium removal significantly augmented vasodilator responses to PNS and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), isoprenaline (β-adrenoceptor agonist), SNP and 8-bromo-cGMP (8-Br-cGMP; cGMP analogue) but not BAY41-2272 (soluble guanylate cyclase activator). The augmentation of SNP-induced vasodilatation after denudation was much greater than that of CGRP- or isoprenaline-induced vasodilatation. In the preparations with an intact endothelium, L-NAME (nitric oxide synthase inhibitor) significantly augmented vasodilator responses to PNS and CGRP, isoprenaline, SNP and 8-Br-cGMP, but not BAY41-2272. Indomethacin (cyclooxygenase inhibitor) and seratrodast (thromboxane A 2 receptor antagonist), but not phosphoramidon (endothelin-1-converting enzyme inhibitor) or BQ-123 (selective endothelin type A receptor antagonists), significantly augmented vasodilator responses to PNS and CGRP, isoprenaline, SNP and BAY41-2272. Conclusion and implication: These results suggest that the endothelium in rat mesenteric arteries regulates and maintains vascular tone via counteracting not only vasoconstriction through releasing endothelium-derived relaxing factors, but also vasodilatation, in part by releasing an EDCF, thromboxane A 2.
- Calcitonin gene-related peptide
- Endothelium-derived contracting factor
- Endothelium-derived relaxing factor
- Periarterial nerve stimulation
- Sodium nitroprusside
- Vascular endothelium removal
ASJC Scopus subject areas