Background and aims: The subtypes of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) are closely associated with the clinicopathological behavior and recurrence after surgical resection. However, there are no established non-invasive methods to confirm the subtypes of IPMNs without surgery. The aim of this study is to predict the subtypes of IPMNs using the findings of endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS). Methods: Sixty-two consecutive patients with IPMNs who underwent EUS before surgery were retrospectively reviewed. The following EUS findings were analyzed and their relationship with the subtypes was evaluated: diameter of the main pancreatic duct, cyst size, number of cysts, height of mural nodule, early chronic pancreatitis (CP) finding, fatty parenchyma and atrophic parenchyma. Results: The subtypes of IPMNs were as follows: gastric (G)-type 38 (61%), intestinal (I) -type 14 (23%) and pancreatobiliary (PB) -type 10 (16%). Fatty parenchyma was significantly associated with G-type (P < 0.0001). Early CP findings ≥2 and atrophic parenchyma were significantly correlated with I-type (P < 0.0001). PB-type was significantly associated with pancreatic parenchyma without early CP findings or fatty degeneration in comparison to the other subtypes (P < 0.0001). Using the above characteristic EUS findings, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were as follows: 63%, 92% and 74%, respectively, in G-type, 57%, 96% and 87% in I-type, and 90%, 94% and 94% in PB-type. Conclusions: The evaluation of EUS findings, especially focused on the pancreatic parenchyma, has the potential to predict the subtypes of IPMN.
- Endoscopic ultrasound
- Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism