Emergence of nuclear heparanase induces differentiation of human mammary cancer cells

Tetsuji Nobuhisa, Yoshio Naomoto, Munenori Takaoka, Yoko Tabuchi, Keizou Ookawa, Dai Kitamoto, Esra Gunduz, Mehmet Gunduz, Hitoshi Nagatsuka, Minoru Haisa, Junji Matsuoka, Motowo Nakajima, Noriaki Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study of epithelial differentiation touches upon many modern aspects of biology. The epithelium is in constant dialogue with the underlying mesenchyme to control stem cell activity, proliferation in transit-amplifying compartments, lineage commitment, terminal differentiation and, ultimately, cell death. There are spatially distinct compartments dedicated to each of these events. Recently we reported that heparanase is expressed in nucleus as well as in the cytoplasm and that nuclear heparanase seems to be related to cell differentiation. In this study, we investigated the role of nuclear heparanase in differentiation by transducing human mammary epithelial cancer cells with heparanase which was delivered specifically into nucleus. We observed that expression of nuclear heparanase allowed the cells to differentiate with the appearance of lipid droplets. This finding supports the idea that heparanase plays a novel role in epithelial cell differentiation apart from its known enzymatic function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume331
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 27 2005

Keywords

  • Differentiation
  • Epithelial cancer
  • Heparanase
  • MCF-7
  • Nucleus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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  • Cite this

    Nobuhisa, T., Naomoto, Y., Takaoka, M., Tabuchi, Y., Ookawa, K., Kitamoto, D., Gunduz, E., Gunduz, M., Nagatsuka, H., Haisa, M., Matsuoka, J., Nakajima, M., & Tanaka, N. (2005). Emergence of nuclear heparanase induces differentiation of human mammary cancer cells. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 331(1), 175-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.03.129