Elevation of antioxidant potency in mice brain by low-dose X-ray irradiation and its effect on Fe-NTA-induced brain damage

Kiyonori Yamaoka, Shuji Mori, Takaharu Nomura, Takehito Taguchi, Takehiko Ito, Katsumi Hanamoto, Shuji Kojima

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Abstract

The increase in lipid peroxide levels in mice brain following Fe 3+ administration was about 50% of that when 1-methyl-4-phenyl 1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) was administered. This may be due to excessive oxidation by Fe3+, and was supported by the decrease in activities of antioxidant enzymes, such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and glutathione peroxidase (GPX), Na+,K+-ATPase activity and membrane fluidity after Fe3+ administration. Relatively low-dose X-ray irradiation (0.5 Gy) inhibited lipid peroxidation associated with Fe 3+ administration and restored the decreased activities of the above antioxidant enzymes and Na+K+-ATPase, and membrane fluidity to the levels in the non-Fe3+-administered group. In the purine metabolism system, uric acid decreased after Fe3+ administration, which may be due to transient impairment of the system for production of uric acid from xanthine by excessive oxidation by Fe3+. However, 0.5 Gy irradiation inhibited this decrease in uric acid, increasing its level to that in the non Fe3+-administrated group. This may be due to factors such as rapid recovery of the activities of the above antioxidant enzymes and Na+,K+-ATPase, and membrane fluidity after 0.5 Gy irradiation. In addition, since no changes were observed in xanthine and uric acid, increased inosine and hypoxanthine may have advanced to a salvage pathway leading to not xanthine but inosine 5′-monophosphate (IMP).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-132
Number of pages14
JournalPhysiological Chemistry and Physics and Medical NMR
Volume34
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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