The purpose of this study was to electromyographically evaluate results in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) who underwent endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR). The subjects were 26 patients with idiopathic CTS (37 hands) who were followed for at least 6 months after ECTR. To compare results informatively, hands were classified into four groups: those with normal distal motor latency (DML) and sensory conduction velocity (SCV) were classified as group A, those with normal DML and abnormal SCV as group B, those with an abnormal DML and normal SCV as group C, and those with abnormal DML and SCV as group D. All but one of the hands were classified as group D on the basis of preoperative electromyographic evaluation, while one was classified as group C. The mean preoperative obtainable DML and SCV values were 7.2 m and 27.3 m/s, respectively. Postoperatively, 12 hands were in group A, 8 hands in group B, 2 hands in group C, and 15 hands in group D. The mean DML and SCV values at final follow-up were 4.3 ms and 40.8 m/s, respectively. Of the 25 hands with muscle atrophy before surgery, 6 hands were in group A, 5 hands were in group B, 1 hand was in group C, and 13 hands were in group D at final follow-up. Thenar muscle atrophy and denervation potentials were present before surgery in 13 of the 15 hands classified as group D at the final follow-up.
- Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS)
- Electromyography (EMG)
- Endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine