Electrocardiographic parameters and fatal arrhythmic events in patients with brugada syndrome: Combination of depolarization and repolarization abnormalities

Koji Tokioka, Kengo F. Kusano, Hiroshi Morita, Daiji Miura, Nobuhiro Nishii, Satoshi Nagase, Kazufumi Nakamura, Kunihisa Kohno, Hiroshi Ito, Tohru Ohe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

85 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives This study aimed to determine the usefulness of the combination of several electrocardiographic markers on risk assessment of ventricular fibrillation (VF) in patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS). Background Detection of high-/low-risk BrS patients using a noninvasive method is an important issue in the clinical setting. Several electrocardiographic markers related to depolarization and repolarization abnormalities have been reported, but the relationship and usefulness of these parameters in VF events are unclear. Methods Baseline characteristics of 246 consecutive patients (236 men; mean age, 47.6 ± 13.6 years) with a Brugada-type electrocardiogram, including 13 patients with a history of VF and 40 patients with a history of syncope episodes, were retrospectively analyzed. During the mean follow-up period of 45.1 months, VF in 23 patients and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in 1 patient were observed. Clinical/genetic and electrocardiographic parameters were compared with VF/SCD events. Results On univariate analysis, a history of VF and syncope episodes, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, spontaneous type 1 pattern in the precordial leads, and electrocardiographic markers of depolarization abnormalities (QRS duration >120 ms, and fragmented QRS [f-QRS]) and those of repolarization abnormalities (inferolateral early repolarization [ER] pattern and QT prolongation) were associated with later cardiac events. On multivariable analysis, a history of VF and syncope episodes, inferolateral ER pattern, and f-QRS were independent predictors of documented VF and SCD (odds ratios: 19.61, 28.57, 2.87, and 5.21, respectively; p < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier curves showed that the presence/absence of inferolateral ER and f-QRS predicted a worse/better prognosis (log-rank test, p < 0.01). Conclusions The combination of depolarization and repolarization abnormalities in BrS is associated with later VF events. The combination of these abnormalities is useful for detecting high- and low-risk BrS patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2131-2138
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume63
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 27 2014

Keywords

  • Brugada syndrome
  • early repolarization
  • fragmented QRS
  • noninvasive risk assessment
  • ventricular fibrillation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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