Electrical conductivity of stishovite as a function of water content

Takashi Yoshino, Akira Shimojuku, Danyang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electrical conductivity of stishovite with various Al2O3 and H2O contents was measured at 12GPa of pressure (P) and temperatures (T) up to 1900K in a Kawai-type multi-anvil apparatus. Starting materials were pre-synthesized at 12GPa and 1673K from various mixtures of SiO2, Al2O3 and Al(OH)3. The synthesized stishovite aggregates contained various H2O concentrations up to 0.25wt.%. The conductivity of relatively dry stishovite was almost constant independently of Al content, whereas the conductivity significantly increased with increasing H2O content in stishovite. All electrical conductivity data fit the formula for electrical conductivity σ=σ0CWexp{-[δH0-αCW1/3]/kT}, where σ0 is the pre-exponential term, CW is the H2O concentration, δH0 is the activation enthalpy at very low H2O concentration, and k is the Boltzmann constant. The activation enthalpy decreased from 1.22 to 0.90eV with increasing H2O content from 0.01 to 0.22wt.%. A nearly linear correlation of the conductivity values on the H2O content suggests that the dominant mechanism of charge transport in stishovite is proton conduction. Although electrical conductivity of hydrous stishovite is higher than that of garnet in the subducted oceanic crust, small amount of hydrous stishovite is insufficient to raise conductivity. On the other hand, hydrous stishovite can contribute to the high conductivity occasionally observed at the mantle transition zone, if the subducted Archean continental crusts with tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite (TTG) composition were accumulated above the 660km seismic discontinuity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Volume227
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Fingerprint

stishovite
moisture content
electrical conductivity
water content
electrical resistivity
conductivity
enthalpy
crusts
activation
trondhjemite
tonalite
anvils
granodiorite
garnets
transition zone
oceanic crust
continental crust
low concentrations
Archean
garnet

Keywords

  • Activation enthalpy
  • Al content
  • Electrical conductivity
  • Mantle transition zone
  • Stishovite
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Electrical conductivity of stishovite as a function of water content. / Yoshino, Takashi; Shimojuku, Akira; Li, Danyang.

In: Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Vol. 227, 02.2014, p. 48-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The electrical conductivity of stishovite with various Al2O3 and H2O contents was measured at 12GPa of pressure (P) and temperatures (T) up to 1900K in a Kawai-type multi-anvil apparatus. Starting materials were pre-synthesized at 12GPa and 1673K from various mixtures of SiO2, Al2O3 and Al(OH)3. The synthesized stishovite aggregates contained various H2O concentrations up to 0.25wt.{\%}. The conductivity of relatively dry stishovite was almost constant independently of Al content, whereas the conductivity significantly increased with increasing H2O content in stishovite. All electrical conductivity data fit the formula for electrical conductivity σ=σ0CWexp{-[δH0-αCW1/3]/kT}, where σ0 is the pre-exponential term, CW is the H2O concentration, δH0 is the activation enthalpy at very low H2O concentration, and k is the Boltzmann constant. The activation enthalpy decreased from 1.22 to 0.90eV with increasing H2O content from 0.01 to 0.22wt.{\%}. A nearly linear correlation of the conductivity values on the H2O content suggests that the dominant mechanism of charge transport in stishovite is proton conduction. Although electrical conductivity of hydrous stishovite is higher than that of garnet in the subducted oceanic crust, small amount of hydrous stishovite is insufficient to raise conductivity. On the other hand, hydrous stishovite can contribute to the high conductivity occasionally observed at the mantle transition zone, if the subducted Archean continental crusts with tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite (TTG) composition were accumulated above the 660km seismic discontinuity.",
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N2 - The electrical conductivity of stishovite with various Al2O3 and H2O contents was measured at 12GPa of pressure (P) and temperatures (T) up to 1900K in a Kawai-type multi-anvil apparatus. Starting materials were pre-synthesized at 12GPa and 1673K from various mixtures of SiO2, Al2O3 and Al(OH)3. The synthesized stishovite aggregates contained various H2O concentrations up to 0.25wt.%. The conductivity of relatively dry stishovite was almost constant independently of Al content, whereas the conductivity significantly increased with increasing H2O content in stishovite. All electrical conductivity data fit the formula for electrical conductivity σ=σ0CWexp{-[δH0-αCW1/3]/kT}, where σ0 is the pre-exponential term, CW is the H2O concentration, δH0 is the activation enthalpy at very low H2O concentration, and k is the Boltzmann constant. The activation enthalpy decreased from 1.22 to 0.90eV with increasing H2O content from 0.01 to 0.22wt.%. A nearly linear correlation of the conductivity values on the H2O content suggests that the dominant mechanism of charge transport in stishovite is proton conduction. Although electrical conductivity of hydrous stishovite is higher than that of garnet in the subducted oceanic crust, small amount of hydrous stishovite is insufficient to raise conductivity. On the other hand, hydrous stishovite can contribute to the high conductivity occasionally observed at the mantle transition zone, if the subducted Archean continental crusts with tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite (TTG) composition were accumulated above the 660km seismic discontinuity.

AB - The electrical conductivity of stishovite with various Al2O3 and H2O contents was measured at 12GPa of pressure (P) and temperatures (T) up to 1900K in a Kawai-type multi-anvil apparatus. Starting materials were pre-synthesized at 12GPa and 1673K from various mixtures of SiO2, Al2O3 and Al(OH)3. The synthesized stishovite aggregates contained various H2O concentrations up to 0.25wt.%. The conductivity of relatively dry stishovite was almost constant independently of Al content, whereas the conductivity significantly increased with increasing H2O content in stishovite. All electrical conductivity data fit the formula for electrical conductivity σ=σ0CWexp{-[δH0-αCW1/3]/kT}, where σ0 is the pre-exponential term, CW is the H2O concentration, δH0 is the activation enthalpy at very low H2O concentration, and k is the Boltzmann constant. The activation enthalpy decreased from 1.22 to 0.90eV with increasing H2O content from 0.01 to 0.22wt.%. A nearly linear correlation of the conductivity values on the H2O content suggests that the dominant mechanism of charge transport in stishovite is proton conduction. Although electrical conductivity of hydrous stishovite is higher than that of garnet in the subducted oceanic crust, small amount of hydrous stishovite is insufficient to raise conductivity. On the other hand, hydrous stishovite can contribute to the high conductivity occasionally observed at the mantle transition zone, if the subducted Archean continental crusts with tonalite-trondhjemite-granodiorite (TTG) composition were accumulated above the 660km seismic discontinuity.

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