Elasticity of nanocrystalline kyanite at high pressure and temperature from ultrasonic and synchrotron X-ray techniques

Nico A. Gaida, Steeve Gréaux, Yoshio Kono, Hiroaki Ohfuji, Hideharu Kuwahara, Norimasa Nishiyama, Oliver Beermann, Takuya Sasaki, Ken Niwa, Masashi Hasegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Material properties, such as elasticity data at wide-ranging conditions of pressure and temperature, attract increasing attention for material and earth sciences. In particular, polycrystalline ceramics for next-generation photonic applications are nowadays fabricated by advanced syntheses techniques operating under elevated pressures and temperatures. Herein, the elastic properties of a synthetic transparent and reinforced aluminosilicate nanoceramic composed of triclinic kyanite with minor amounts of trigonal α-alumina crystals are investigated using in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction and ultrasonic techniques at high-pressure (up to 11 GPa) and high-temperature (300-1500 K) conditions. This not only enables the determination of the equation of state (EoS) parameters by applying the pressure-volume-temperature (P-V-T) data to the high-temperature Birch-Murnaghan EoS but also yields the elastic moduli together with their P and T derivatives from the fit of the compressional and shear wave velocities to a finite strain EoS: KS0,300 = 186(2) GPa, K′S0,300 = 7.2(6), (∂KS0,300/∂T)P = −0.023(2) GPa K−1, G0,300 = 125(1) GPa G′0,300 = 2.3(2), (∂G0,300/∂T)P = −0.017(1) GPa K−1. On the basis of our acquired results, we propose to predict the elastic moduli of aluminosilicate ceramics by a linear function of the ratio of AlO6 octahedra and SiO4 tetrahedra within the constituting phases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)635-644
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • X-ray methods
  • elastic constants
  • mechanical properties
  • nanostructures
  • polycrystalline materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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