Efficacy of shear wave elasticity for predicting clinical outcomes in patients with significant tricuspid regurgitation

Rie Nakayama, Yoichi Takaya, Kazufumi Nakamura, Rika Takemoto, Norihisa Toh, Hiroshi Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of shear wave (SW) elasticity for assessing clinical outcomes in patients with significant tricuspid regurgitation (TR). Significant TR develops right heart failure (HF) with organ congestion, resulting in adverse outcomes, but appropriate therapeutic strategies remain unclear. The assessment of the degree of hepatic congestion using SW elasticity may be effective for determining therapeutic strategies. We prospectively enrolled 77 patients with moderate or severe TR who underwent SW elastography. Patients were divided into three groups according to the value of SW elasticity: low group (SW elasticity < 6.4 kPa, n = 26), medium group (6.4 ≤ SW elasticity < 9.5 kPa, n = 26), and high group (SW elasticity ≥ 9.5 kPa, n = 25). The endpoint was cardiovascular death or hospitalization for HF. During the median follow-up period of 17 months (range 7–39 months), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for HF occurred in seven patients of high group, in three patients of medium group, and in no patients of low group. In high group, three patients died and seven patients were hospitalized for HF. In medium group, two patients died and one patient was hospitalized. Kaplan–Meier analysis showed that the event-free survival rate was worse in high group than in other groups (log-rank test, p = 0.02). High SW elasticity was independently related to cardiac events as well as right ventricular and left ventricular dysfunction. SW elasticity was a predictor of cardiac events in patients with significant TR by assessing hepatic congestion. SW elasticity can be valuable for determining therapeutic strategies for TR.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHeart and Vessels
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Prognosis
  • Shear wave elasticity
  • Tricuspid regurgitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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