Efficacy of irreversible EGFR-TKIs for the uncommon secondary resistant EGFR mutations L747S, D761Y, and T854A

Masato Chiba, Yosuke Togashi, Eri Bannno, Yoshihisa Kobayashi, Yu Nakamura, Hidetoshi Hayashi, Masato Terashima, Marco A. De Velasco, Kazuko Sakai, Yoshihiko Fujita, Tetsuya Mitsudomi, Kazuto Nishio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring common epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutations (exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R) respond to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs). The secondary T790M mutation in exon 20 of the EGFR gene is the most common type of acquired resistance mutation. Several reports have also shown that other secondary mutations (L747S, D761Y and T854A), while uncommon, can induce acquired resistance to first-generation EGFR-TKIs. However, little is known about the anticancer activities of second- or third-generation EGFR-TKIs. Methods: Uncommon secondary mutations were introduced into Ba/F3 cells along with the sensitive EGFR L858R mutation (Ba/F3-L858R/L747S, Ba/F3-L858R/D761Y, and Ba/F3-L858R/T854A), and the sensitivities to various EGFR-TKIs were then investigated. Results: Both the Ba/F3-L858R/L747S and Ba/F3-L858R/D761Y cell lines exhibited weak resistances to first-generation reversible EGFR-TKIs, while the Ba/F3-L858R/T854A cell line exhibited a strong resistance. In contrast, irreversible EGFR-TKIs, especially third-generation EGFR-TKIs, were capable of overcoming these resistances. Western blot analyses demonstrated that gefitinib (first-generation) inhibited the phosphorylation of EGFR to a lesser extent in cells with these secondary mutations than in cells with the sensitive L858R mutation alone. In contrast, afatinib and osimertinib (second- and third-generation) inhibited the phosphorylation of EGFR in cells with these secondary mutations to a similar extent as that seen in cells with the sensitive L858R mutation alone. Conclusions: Our experimental findings suggest that irreversible EGFR-TKIs, especially third-generation EGFR-TKIs, can be effective against uncommon secondary mutations and that switching to third-generation EGFR-TKIs could be a promising treatment strategy for patients with acquired resistance because of these uncommon secondary mutations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number281
JournalBMC cancer
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 19 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • D761Y
  • EGFR mutation
  • Irreversible EGFR-TKI
  • L747S
  • Secondary resistant mutation
  • T854A

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Genetics
  • Cancer Research

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