Efficacy of honeycomb TCP-induced microenvironment on bone tissue regeneration in craniofacial area

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Artificial bone materials that exhibit high biocompatibility have been developed and are being widely used for bone tissue regeneration. However, there are no biomaterials that are minimally invasive and safe. In a previous study, we succeeded in developing honeycomb β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) which has through-and-through holes and is able to mimic the bone microenvironment for bone tissue regeneration. In the present study, we investigated how the difference in hole-diameter of honeycomb β-TCP (hole-diameter: 75, 300, 500, and 1600 μm) influences bone tissue regeneration histologically. Its osteoconductivity was also evaluated by implantation into zygomatic bone defects in rats. The results showed that the maximum bone formation was observed on the β-TCP with hole-diameter 300μm, included bone marrow-like tissue and the pattern of bone tissue formation similar to host bone. Therefore, the results indicated that we could control bone tissue formation by creating a bone microenvironment provided by β-TCP. Also, in zygomatic bone defect model with honeycomb β-TCP, the result showed there was osseous union and the continuity was reproduced between the both edges of resected bone and β-TCP, which indicated the zygomatic bone reproduction fully succeeded. It is thus thought that honeycomb β-TCP may serve as an excellent biomaterial for bone tissue regeneration in the head, neck and face regions, expected in clinical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-476
Number of pages11
JournalInternational journal of medical sciences
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2016

Keywords

  • Bone microenvironment
  • Bone morphogenetic protein-2
  • Bone tissue regeneration
  • Honeycomb β-TCP
  • Pore size

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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