Efficacy of HLA virtual cross-matched platelet transfusions for platelet transfusion refractoriness in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Keisuke Seike, Nobuharu Fujii, Naomi Asano, Shigenori Ohkuma, Yasushi Hirata, Keiko Fujii, Yasuhisa Sando, Makoto Nakamura, Kazunori Naito, Kyosuke Saeki, Yusuke Meguri, Noboru Asada, Daisuke Ennishi, Hisakazu Nishimori, Ken ichi Matsuoka, Kazuo Tsubaki, Fumio Otsuka, Yoshinobu Maeda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Cross-matched platelet (cross-matched PLT) transfusion is effective for immune-mediated platelet transfusion refractoriness (PTR), but is more costly and time-consuming for physical cross-match than using standard PLT units. Recent studies have reported the utility of human leucocyte antigens (HLA) virtual cross-matched PLT (HLA-matched PLT) that is defined as HLA-A/B matched or no antibody against donor-specific antigen. Here, we evaluated the effect of HLA-matched PLTs for PTR in post hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Our study included a total of 241 PLTs in 16 patients who underwent HSCT at Okayama University Hospital between 2010 and 2017, receiving either HLA-matched or cross-matched PLTs. We calculated the 24-hour corrected count increments (CCI-24) to evaluate the effect of PLTs. A CCI-24 ≥ 4500 was considered to be a successful transfusion. RESULTS: We analyzed 139 cross-matched PLTs and 102 HLA-matched PLTs. In the immune-mediated PTR, the rate of successful transfusion was 60.5% for cross-matched PLT and 63.4% for HLA-matched PLT (p = 0.825). On the other hand, the median CCI-24 for cross-matched PLT transfusions and HLA-matched PLT transfusions were 1856 and 5824 (p < 0.001), with a success rate of 28.1 and 54.1% in cases with non-immune-mediated PTR, respectively (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: The effectiveness of HLA-matched PLT is not inferior to cross-matched PLT. This result indicates that physical cross-match can be omitted in post HSCT PTR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)473-478
Number of pages6
JournalTransfusion
Volume60
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Hematology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Efficacy of HLA virtual cross-matched platelet transfusions for platelet transfusion refractoriness in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this