Efficacy of functional operability algorithm for octogenarians with primary lung cancer

Hideo Umezu, Shinichiro Miyoshi, Osamu Araki, Yohko Karube, Motohiko Tamura, Satoru Kobayashi, Hiromi Ishihama, Masayuki Chida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The number of lung cancer patients is increasing in association with the aging of society, and age is associated with the risk of undergoing a thoracotomy procedure. We prospectively investigated the efficacy of a functional operability algorithm that included pulmonary function and exercise test results for determining the indication for surgery in octogenarians. Methods: From April 2001 to October 2008, surgical indications for a total of 45 octogenarians were assessed using our algorithm, including forced expiratory volume in 1 s/forced vital capacity ratio, predicted postoperative percent of forced expiratory volume in 1 s, Hugh-Jones dyspneic index, and empirical anaerobic threshold obtained during an exercise test. Then the surgical results were reviewed. Results: Thoracotomy was contraindicated in one patient; the remaining 44 patients underwent surgery. Axilloanterior thoracotomy (75%), lobectomy (84%), and mediastinal lymph node dissection (73%) were the major procedures. Altogether, 37 postthoracotomy complica-Received: 13 February 2011 / Accepted: 30 May 2011

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-42
Number of pages7
JournalGeneral Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume60
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Keywords

  • Exercise test
  • Functional operability algorithm
  • Octogenarian
  • Primary lung cancer
  • Pulmonary function test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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