Efficacy of catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in patients with atrial septal defect: A comparison with transcatheter closure alone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims: There is no valid treatment strategy for addressing paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with unclosed atrial septal defect (ASD). We aimed to assess the efficacy of catheter ablation (CA) compared with transcatheter ASD closure alone for treating pre-existing paroxysmal AF in patients with ASD. Methods and results: Among 908 patients who underwent transcatheter ASD closure, we evaluated 50 consecutive patients (63 ± 12 years) with paroxysmal AF. We compared the AF outcomes of these patients after transcatheter ASD closure between those with and without CA prior to ASD closure. Thirty (60%) patients underwent CA. During the follow-up period after ASD closure (mean: 49 ± 23 months), recurrence of AF was observed in 6/30 (20%) patients with upfront CA and 12/20 (60%) patients with ASD closure alone. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the AF-free survival rate was significantly higher for patients with CA than for those with ASD closure alone (79% vs. 37% at 5 years, P = 0.002). Upfront CA and previous heart failure hospitalization were associated with recurrence of AF after ASD closure [hazard ratio (HR) 0.18, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.06-0.53; P = 0.002 and HR 4.64, 95% CI 1.60-13.49; P = 0.005, respectively]. Conclusion: In ASD patient with paroxysmal AF, transcatheter ASD closure alone demonstrated high AF recurrence rate after ASD closure. On the other hand, upfront CA prior to ASD closure substantially suppressed AF recurrence over the long term. A combination of CA and transcatheter ASD closure may be a feasible treatment strategy for paroxysmal AF in patients with ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1663-1669
Number of pages7
JournalEuropace
Volume21
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2019

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Atrial septal defect
  • Catheter ablation
  • Long-term outcome
  • Pulmonary vein isolation
  • Transcatheter closure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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