Efficacy of a self-management program in patients with chronic viral hepatitis in China

Ying'ai Cui, Michiko Moriyama, Kazuaki Chayama, Yanhui Liu, Chunmei Ya, Basilua Andre Muzembo, Md Moshiur Rahman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Chronic hepatitis, mainly B or C, increases the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma and remains an emerging issue in the globe. China has high rates of liver cancer incidence and mortality in the world. To address such challenges, adequate management of chronic hepatitis is required. Self-management education is one alternative for improving the hepatitis patients' knowledge of the disease, mental health, and clinical management. This study aimed to examine the quality of life (QOL), psychological effects, and behavioral changes of a self-management program which allows continuity of care for chronic hepatitis B and C patients. Method: In a six-month, randomized controlled trial, we invited 73 chronic hepatitis B/C inpatients to receive (i) two face-to-face education sessions provided by a nurse during hospitalization, and monthly telephone counseling at home after discharge; (ii) or usual care treatment (control group). The primary endpoint (patients' QOL) and secondary outcomes (including self-efficacy, depression symptoms, perceived cognition of illness and behavioral changes) were assessed. In addition, we conducted qualitative data analysis to facilitate the evaluation of the interventions. Results: Sixty (82.2%) out of 73 eligible patients with chronic hepatitis B/C (aged 34.9 ± 8.9 years) participated in the study. The intervention group (n = 30) significantly improved on outcomes including QOL, self-efficacy, perceived cognition of illness, and behavioral changes, whereas the control group significantly decreased their healthy behaviors. In terms of behavioral changes, alcohol avoidance, dietary adherence, and stress management also improved in the intervention group. However, there were no significant improvements in symptoms of depression. Most participants (80%) in the intervention group stated that they benefited from the program. Conclusions: This program contributed to patients' acquisition of self-management skills to cope with their illnesses, and significantly improved their QOL. This program serves as a reminder for nurses who care for patients with chronic viral hepatitis to acquire these skills as it would help them address the daily needs of their patients. Trial registration: UMIN000025378. Registered December 23, 2016.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44
JournalBMC Nursing
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 18 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • China
  • Efficacy
  • Hepatitis
  • Patient education
  • Quality of life
  • Self-management
  • Telenursing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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