Background: Due to concern about bleeding complications, a maintenance dose of prasugrel 2.5 mg may be used in elderly or low-body-weight patients in Japan. There is little information, however, on the efficacy and safety of a 2.5-mg maintenance dose of prasugrel. Methods and Results: In this single-center, prospective, open-label, cross-over study, a total of 44 elderly (≥75 years old) or low body-weight (<50 kg) Japanese patients >1 month after percutaneous coronary intervention who were treated with aspirin 81–100mg and clopidogrel 75 mg were randomized to either prasugrel 2.5 mg or 3.75 mg instead of clopidogrel for 14 days, with a cross-over directly to the alternate treatment for another 14 days. Platelet inhibition was assessed with the VerifyNow assay (Accumetrics, San Diego, CA, USA) at 3 time points: baseline; day 14; and day 28. P2Y12 reaction units (PRU) ≤95 was defined as low on-treatment platelet reactivity (LPR), and PRU ≥262 as high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HPR). The prevalence of LPR was 2.2% in patients treated with clopidogrel, 2.2% in those with prasugrel 2.5 mg, and 22.7% in those with prasugrel 3.75 mg (P<0.001). Clopidogrel resulted in the higher prevalence of HPR compared with 2.5-mg and 3.75-mg prasugrel (40.9% vs. 18.2% vs. 6.8%, P<0.001). Conclusions: Prasugrel 2.5 mg may be more appropriate in elderly or lower-body-weight Japanese patients.
- Low body weight
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
- Platelet resistance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine