PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept injection (IAI) in Japanese patients with diabetic macular edema (DME). METHODS: VIVID-DME was a Phase 3 study comprising patients with DME randomized 1:1:1 to IAI 2 mg every 4 weeks (2q4), IAI 2 mg every 4 weeks until Week 16 then 8-week dosing (2q8), and laser. A total of 403 patients (76 Japanese) were included in this study. VIVID-Japan (72; all Japanese patients) was a nonrandomized, open-label study comprising Japanese patients with DME receiving IAI 2q4 until Week 16, then 2q8. Primary efficacy endpoint (Week 52) of VIVID-DME was mean change from baseline in best-corrected visual acuity; VIVID-Japan evaluated safety and tolerability. RESULTS: Mean change in best-corrected visual acuity (letters) for 2q4, 2q8, and laser groups was +10.6, +10.9, and +1.2 and +9.8, +9.5, and +1.1 in the non-Japanese and Japanese populations of VIVID-DME, respectively. In VIVID-Japan, it was +9.3 for IAI 2q8. Intravitreal aflibercept injection also provided consistently greater benefits for anatomical outcomes versus laser. Adverse events were consistent with the known safety profile of IAI. CONCLUSION: In Japanese patients with DME, IAI treatment was superior to laser for visual and anatomical outcomes and resulted in efficacy and safety outcomes similar to those in a non-Japanese patient population.
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