Background: Bepridil has multiple ion-channel blocking effects and is expected to be useful for managing atrial fibrillation (AF). The purpose of this study was to clarify the efficacy and safety of additional treatment with bepridil in patients with AF who had been treated with class I antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs). Methods and Results: Bepridil (50-200 mg/day) was given to 76 patients with either paroxysmal (n=49) or persistent AF (n=27). All patients had been treated with class I AADs (1.9±0.9 drugs/patient) that failed to control the AF. With the addition of bepridil, the frequency of symptomatic AF episodes decreased to less than 10% in 38 (78%) patients with paroxysmal AF, and sinus rhythm was restored within 3 months and maintained during the follow-up in 20 (74%) patients with persistent AF. Efficacy was usually obtained with a small to moderate dose (50-150 mg/day) of bepridil. During a mean follow-up period of 27±22 months, no potential complications occurred in any of the patients. Conclusions: The addition of bepridil to class I AADs is effective and safe for AF, but careful observation using periodic ECG recordings is essential for avoiding torsades de pointes caused by QT prolongation.
- Antiarrhythmic drugs
- Atrial fibrillation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine