Effects of Water Loss of 'Fuyu' Persimmon Fruit on Mesocarp Cell Wall Composition and Fruit Softening

Yasuhisa Tsuchida, Naoki Sakurai, Kunihisa Morinaga, Yoshiko Koshita, Toshikazu Asakura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of storage humidity on persimmon fruit deterioration and cell wall composition were investigated. Under a low humidity condition (20°C, 60% RH), fruits underwent a more rapid rate of water loss, ethylene production and fruit softening than did those stored under a high humidity condition (20°C, ≧ 98.5% RH). Arabinose (Ara) and galactose (Gal) in the pectic fraction of mesocarp cell walls decreased significantly under low than high humidity at the late stage of fruit softening as did the cellulose fraction. Fruit firmness is significantly correlated to contents of Ara and Gal of water-soluble (WS), pectic and hemicellulose and that of cellulose, which suggest that these components influence the integrity of mesocarp cell walls of persimmon fruit. Water loss and induced ethylene are involved in the decrease in contents of Ara and Gal in pectin and cellulose content, leading to fruit softening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-524
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science
Volume72
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

persimmons
mesocarp
cell wall components
humidity
arabinose
fruits
galactose
cellulose
water
cell walls
hemicellulose
ethylene production
pectins
firmness
ethylene
deterioration

Keywords

  • Cell wall
  • Ethylene
  • Persimmon
  • Softening
  • Water loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Effects of Water Loss of 'Fuyu' Persimmon Fruit on Mesocarp Cell Wall Composition and Fruit Softening. / Tsuchida, Yasuhisa; Sakurai, Naoki; Morinaga, Kunihisa; Koshita, Yoshiko; Asakura, Toshikazu.

In: Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science, Vol. 72, No. 6, 11.2003, p. 517-524.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tsuchida, Yasuhisa ; Sakurai, Naoki ; Morinaga, Kunihisa ; Koshita, Yoshiko ; Asakura, Toshikazu. / Effects of Water Loss of 'Fuyu' Persimmon Fruit on Mesocarp Cell Wall Composition and Fruit Softening. In: Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science. 2003 ; Vol. 72, No. 6. pp. 517-524.
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