Effects of topological constraint and knot entanglement on the crystal growth of polymers proved by growth rate of spherulite of cyclic polyethylene

Tsunaki Kitahara, Shinichi Yamazaki, Kunio Kimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In order to clarity tne effects ot entanglement species on nucleation ot polymers, we stuaiea tne growtn rate ot spneruute G of cyclic ana linear polyethylenes (C-PE and L-PE) from the melt as a function of degree of supercooling A T by means of polarizing optical microscope. We prepared several C-PEs with different weight average molecular weights M w=9300, 43600 and 86500, and L-PE with A/,=44000. G of all the sample were obeyed the equation, G = G 0 exp (-B/△T).BoîC-PE gradually increased with increasingM w. B is proportional to the surface free energy of the end surface of the nucleus, and this indicates that the regularity of folding surface increased with increasing M w. We consider that topological constraint of cyclic polymer becomes large with decreasing M., of the cyclic polymer. On the other hand, for C-PE and L-PE having almost the same M w (=44 k), G 0 of C-PE is much less than that of L-PE. Due to the topological constraint of cyclic polymer, we speculated that the adsorption mode on the crystal surface of C-PE is different than that of L-PE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)694-701
Number of pages8
JournalKOBUNSHI RONBUNSHU
Volume68
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2011

Keywords

  • Cyclic polymer
  • Entanglement
  • Growth rate
  • Polyethylene
  • Spheruhte
  • Topology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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