Background: Mechanical stimulation by toothbrushing enhances proliferation of fibroblasts and junctional epithelium (JE). These changes in gingiva may depend on the interval between toothbrushing. The effects of toothbrushing frequency on proliferation of gingival fibroblasts and basal cells of JE were evaluated. Methods: Twelve mongrel dogs were used. Each tooth was brushed for 20 s at 1.96 N. The subepithelial connective tissue of JE was examined for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-positive fibroblasts and procollagen type-I C-peptide (PIP)-positive fibroblasts. JE was examined for PCNA-positive basal cells. Results: Gingiva that received brushing twice a day showed increases in the density of fibroblasts and ratio of PCNA-positive fibroblasts to total fibroblasts at 4 weeks. The ratio of PIP-positive fibroblasts increased at 8 weeks in gingiva brushed twice a day and once a day. PCNA-positive basal cell ratio increased at 4 weeks in gingiva brushed twice a day and once a day. Conclusions: A high frequency of brushing was associated with increased numbers of PCNA-positive fibroblasts, PIP-positive fibroblasts and PCNA-positive basal cells. Gingival cell proliferation increased and reached a plateau earlier in gingiva brushed twice a day than in gingiva brushed once a day.
- Animal studies
- Procollagen type I
- Proliferating cell nuclear antigen
ASJC Scopus subject areas