Effects of substituent and external pressure on spin trapping rates of carbon dioxide anion, sulfur trioxide anion, hydroxyl, and ethyl radicals with various PBN- and DMPO-type spin traps

Yoshimi Sueishi, Keitaro Miyazono, Kazuki Kozai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using a competitive trapping method employing two different traps, the trapping rates of anionic radicals (CO2-· and SO3-·), hydroxyl, and ethyl were quantified for various PBN- and DMPO-type traps. We have examined the characteristic effects of substituent and external pressure on the spin trapping of anionic radicals and compared with those of neutral radicals such as ethyl and hydroxyl radicals. In DMPO-type traps, the effects of substituent on trapping rates of two anionic radicals were small compared with that of C2H5·. In PBN-type traps, the large effects of substituent on trapping rates of CO2-· and C2H5· were observed. Further, the activation volumes determined from the pressure dependence experiments for competitive reactions show a difference in pressure behavior between the two trapping reactions, and enable us to speculate on the reaction mechanism of substituted PBN and DMPO traps for anionic radicals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-938
Number of pages12
JournalZeitschrift fur Physikalische Chemie
Volume228
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

Keywords

  • High-Pressure ESR
  • Spin Trap
  • Substituent Effect
  • Trapping Rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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