Effects of submaxillariectomy on ovarian androgen and estrogen production in adult female rats

Masami Tanaka, Minoru Watanabe, Toshio Kumai, Hironori Nakura, Shinichi Kobayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


Submaxillariectomy causes an increase in uterine weight in adult female rats. This increase is due to the elevation of the plasma 17β-estradiol (E2) level which is brought on by enhancement of ovarian E2 production. Furthermore, enhancement of ovarian E2 production is due to the enhancement of testosterone and androstenedione production which are the precursors of ovarian E2. However, submaxillariectomy did not affect ovarian progesterone and 17α-hydroxyprogesterone levels. These findings suggest that the submaxillary gland may inhibit the production of ovarian E2 mainly because of the inhibition of ovarian androgen production. Thus the submaxillary gland may play a physiological role in female reproductive systems caused by the change in ovarian steroidogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)550-554
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1995
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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