Effects of simulated ischemia on the transmural differences in the Frank-Starling relationship in isolated mouse ventricular cardiomyocytes

Anastasia Khokhlova, Gentaro Iribe, Yohei Yamaguchi, Keiji Naruse, Olga Solovyova

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The electrical and mechanical functions of cardiomyocytes differ in relation to the spatial locations of cells in the ventricular wall. This physiological heterogeneity may change under pathophysiological conditions, providing substrates for arrhythmia and contractile dysfunctions. Previous studies have reported distinctions in the electrophysiological and mechanical responses to ischemia of unloaded subendocardial (ENDO) and subepicardial (EPI) single cardiomyocytes. In this paper, we briefly recapitulated the available experimental data on the ischemia effects on the transmural cellular gradient in the heart ventricles and for the first time evaluated the preload-dependent changes in passive and active forces in ENDO and EPI cardiomyocytes isolated from mouse hearts subjected to simulated ischemia. Combining the results obtained in mechanically loaded contracting cardiomyocytes with data from previous studies, we showed that left ventricular ENDO and EPI cardiomyocytes are different in their mechanical responses to metabolic inhibition. Simulated ischemia showed opposite effects on the stiffness of ENDO and EPI cells and greatly prolonged the time course of contraction in EPI cells than in ENDO cells, thereby changing the normal transmural gradient in the cellular mechanics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Feb 6 2017

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Keywords

  • Cellular mechanics
  • Frank-starling relationship
  • Myocardial ischemia
  • Ventricular transmural heterogeneity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

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