Effects of short-term pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Nobuaki Miyahara, Ryosuke Eda, Hiroyasu Takeyama, Naomi Kunichika, Michihiko Moriyama, Keisuke Aoe, Hiroyuki Kohara, Kenichi Chikamori, Tadashi Maeda, Mine Harada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although the rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves both exercise capacity and quality of life, a standard protocol for COPD patients has not been established. To clarify whether physiologic and quality-of-life improvements can be achieved by an inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program 5 days per week for 3 weeks, 18 patients with COPD were enrolled in a rehabilitation program. The physical exercise training regimen consisted of respiratory muscle stretch gymnastics and cycle ergometer exercise training. Pulmonary function tests, an incremental ergometer exercise test, a 6-min walking test, and a quality of life assessment by the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire were administered before and after the program. The peak V̇O2, an indicator of maximal exercise capacity, did not increase, although the 6-min walking distance, an indicator of functional exercise capacity, increased significantly after rehabilitation. There was a significant improvement in the quality of life in terms of dyspnea, fatigue, and emotional state. These findings suggest that even a 3-week program may be beneficial for COPD patients. Increases in functional exercise capacity, even without an increase in maximal exercise capacity, are helpful for reducing dyspnea and improving quality of life parameters in patients with COPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-184
Number of pages6
JournalActa medica Okayama
Volume54
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dyspnea
  • Exercise tolerance
  • Stretch gymnastics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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