Effects of short-term pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Nobuaki Miyahara, Ryosuke Eda, Hiroyasu Takeyama, Naomi Kunichika, Michihiko Moriyama, Keisuke Aoe, Hiroyuki Kohara, Kenichi Chikamori, Tadashi Maeda, Mine Harada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although the rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves both exercise capacity and quality of life, a standard protocol for COPD patients has not been established. To clarify whether physiologic and quality-of-life improvements can be achieved by an inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program 5 days per week for 3 weeks, 18 patients with COPD were enrolled in a rehabilitation program. The physical exercise training regimen consisted of respiratory muscle stretch gymnastics and cycle ergometer exercise training. Pulmonary function tests, an incremental ergometer exercise test, a 6-min walking test, and a quality of life assessment by the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire were administered before and after the program. The peak V̇O2, an indicator of maximal exercise capacity, did not increase, although the 6-min walking distance, an indicator of functional exercise capacity, increased significantly after rehabilitation. There was a significant improvement in the quality of life in terms of dyspnea, fatigue, and emotional state. These findings suggest that even a 3-week program may be beneficial for COPD patients. Increases in functional exercise capacity, even without an increase in maximal exercise capacity, are helpful for reducing dyspnea and improving quality of life parameters in patients with COPD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-184
Number of pages6
JournalActa Medica Okayama
Volume54
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Exercise Therapy
Pulmonary diseases
Patient rehabilitation
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Quality of Life
Exercise
Lung
Exercise equipment
Rehabilitation
Dyspnea
Walking
Muscle
Gymnastics
Respiratory Muscles
Fatigue of materials
Respiratory Function Tests
Quality Improvement
Exercise Test
Fatigue
Inpatients

Keywords

  • Dyspnea
  • Exercise tolerance
  • Stretch gymnastics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Effects of short-term pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. / Miyahara, Nobuaki; Eda, Ryosuke; Takeyama, Hiroyasu; Kunichika, Naomi; Moriyama, Michihiko; Aoe, Keisuke; Kohara, Hiroyuki; Chikamori, Kenichi; Maeda, Tadashi; Harada, Mine.

In: Acta Medica Okayama, Vol. 54, No. 4, 2000, p. 179-184.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Miyahara, N, Eda, R, Takeyama, H, Kunichika, N, Moriyama, M, Aoe, K, Kohara, H, Chikamori, K, Maeda, T & Harada, M 2000, 'Effects of short-term pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease', Acta Medica Okayama, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 179-184.
Miyahara, Nobuaki ; Eda, Ryosuke ; Takeyama, Hiroyasu ; Kunichika, Naomi ; Moriyama, Michihiko ; Aoe, Keisuke ; Kohara, Hiroyuki ; Chikamori, Kenichi ; Maeda, Tadashi ; Harada, Mine. / Effects of short-term pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In: Acta Medica Okayama. 2000 ; Vol. 54, No. 4. pp. 179-184.
@article{65e1ad3477054cccb13066cd46e3a770,
title = "Effects of short-term pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease",
abstract = "Although the rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves both exercise capacity and quality of life, a standard protocol for COPD patients has not been established. To clarify whether physiologic and quality-of-life improvements can be achieved by an inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program 5 days per week for 3 weeks, 18 patients with COPD were enrolled in a rehabilitation program. The physical exercise training regimen consisted of respiratory muscle stretch gymnastics and cycle ergometer exercise training. Pulmonary function tests, an incremental ergometer exercise test, a 6-min walking test, and a quality of life assessment by the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire were administered before and after the program. The peak V̇O2, an indicator of maximal exercise capacity, did not increase, although the 6-min walking distance, an indicator of functional exercise capacity, increased significantly after rehabilitation. There was a significant improvement in the quality of life in terms of dyspnea, fatigue, and emotional state. These findings suggest that even a 3-week program may be beneficial for COPD patients. Increases in functional exercise capacity, even without an increase in maximal exercise capacity, are helpful for reducing dyspnea and improving quality of life parameters in patients with COPD.",
keywords = "Dyspnea, Exercise tolerance, Stretch gymnastics",
author = "Nobuaki Miyahara and Ryosuke Eda and Hiroyasu Takeyama and Naomi Kunichika and Michihiko Moriyama and Keisuke Aoe and Hiroyuki Kohara and Kenichi Chikamori and Tadashi Maeda and Mine Harada",
year = "2000",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "179--184",
journal = "Acta Medica Okayama",
issn = "0386-300X",
publisher = "Okayama University",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of short-term pulmonary rehabilitation on exercise capacity and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

AU - Miyahara, Nobuaki

AU - Eda, Ryosuke

AU - Takeyama, Hiroyasu

AU - Kunichika, Naomi

AU - Moriyama, Michihiko

AU - Aoe, Keisuke

AU - Kohara, Hiroyuki

AU - Chikamori, Kenichi

AU - Maeda, Tadashi

AU - Harada, Mine

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Although the rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves both exercise capacity and quality of life, a standard protocol for COPD patients has not been established. To clarify whether physiologic and quality-of-life improvements can be achieved by an inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program 5 days per week for 3 weeks, 18 patients with COPD were enrolled in a rehabilitation program. The physical exercise training regimen consisted of respiratory muscle stretch gymnastics and cycle ergometer exercise training. Pulmonary function tests, an incremental ergometer exercise test, a 6-min walking test, and a quality of life assessment by the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire were administered before and after the program. The peak V̇O2, an indicator of maximal exercise capacity, did not increase, although the 6-min walking distance, an indicator of functional exercise capacity, increased significantly after rehabilitation. There was a significant improvement in the quality of life in terms of dyspnea, fatigue, and emotional state. These findings suggest that even a 3-week program may be beneficial for COPD patients. Increases in functional exercise capacity, even without an increase in maximal exercise capacity, are helpful for reducing dyspnea and improving quality of life parameters in patients with COPD.

AB - Although the rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improves both exercise capacity and quality of life, a standard protocol for COPD patients has not been established. To clarify whether physiologic and quality-of-life improvements can be achieved by an inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation program 5 days per week for 3 weeks, 18 patients with COPD were enrolled in a rehabilitation program. The physical exercise training regimen consisted of respiratory muscle stretch gymnastics and cycle ergometer exercise training. Pulmonary function tests, an incremental ergometer exercise test, a 6-min walking test, and a quality of life assessment by the Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire were administered before and after the program. The peak V̇O2, an indicator of maximal exercise capacity, did not increase, although the 6-min walking distance, an indicator of functional exercise capacity, increased significantly after rehabilitation. There was a significant improvement in the quality of life in terms of dyspnea, fatigue, and emotional state. These findings suggest that even a 3-week program may be beneficial for COPD patients. Increases in functional exercise capacity, even without an increase in maximal exercise capacity, are helpful for reducing dyspnea and improving quality of life parameters in patients with COPD.

KW - Dyspnea

KW - Exercise tolerance

KW - Stretch gymnastics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0034241696&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0034241696&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 54

SP - 179

EP - 184

JO - Acta Medica Okayama

JF - Acta Medica Okayama

SN - 0386-300X

IS - 4

ER -